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Use Content Outdated Notifications in Oro Applications

Thanks to the continuous WebSocket connection between the Oro application server and the user’s browser, when a user tries to edit a page simultaneously with another user, they receives a flash-message informing about changes in the content.

Note

A users can receive this message only if somebody else made a change. No notification is received if changes were made by the same user in a new browser tab, window or on another device.

It works out-of-the-box with content types (entities) delivered in Oro applications.

If you want your custom entities to have this functionality, please have a look at the sections below.

How It Works

On the frontend side, there is the Content Manager JS component, which is responsible for tracking outdated content. The Content Manager stores an array of tags (content identifiers) for every content item to track it getting outdated.

The Content Manager is subscribed to the oro/data/update WebSockets topic. The server sends a notification to this topic whenever any content on the server side has been changed.

In the message about the content change, only the tag (identifier) of the changed content is sent to the content manager. If this tag is in the list tracked by the content manager, then the content manager launches certain actions that were planned to be run when the content with this tag is changed. If this tag is not tracked, the content manager will simply ignore this WebSocket message.

For the Content Manager to keep track of the actuality of the content item, it must be explicitly asked to do so by sending to the tagContent method a unique content tag for this content and a callback that must be executed if the content is changed.

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<script type="text/javascript">
    require(['orosync/js/content-manager'],
    function(contentManager) {
        contentManager.tagContent([someContentTag], callback);
    });
</script>

Where Can I Get the Unique Content Tag

You can create a content tag for every content item by yourself, but for convenience purposes, Oro application offers Tag Generators services. TagGenerator receives a content item (any data object) and creates a unique content tag based on the content item object.

Oro applications have implemented three built-in Tag Generators:

  • DoctrineTagGenerator
  • SimpleTagGenerator
  • TagGeneratorChain

DoctrineTagGenerator, for example, receives an entity object and creates a content tag based on information about entity type and the entity object ID. TagGeneratorChain combines all registered generators in the application.

To create your own generator and add it into TagGeneratorChain registry, you should develop a class that implements TagGeneratorInterface and register it as a service with the oro_sync.tag_generator tag.

To generate a content tag on the frontend side, you should use the oro_sync_get_content_tags Twig function that uses the TagGeneratorChain service inside:

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oro_sync_get_content_tags(data, includeCollectionTag = false, processNestedData = false)

Therefore, the full example for adding the content to the tracked one in Content Manager is:

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<script type="text/javascript">
    require(['orosync/js/content-manager'],
    function(contentManager) {
        contentManager.tagContent(oro_sync_content_tags(entity), callback);
    });
</script>

That is what the macro syncContentTags does if you see in its source code in the Oro/Bundle/SyncBundle/Resources/views/Include/contentTags.html.twig file. In other words, the shortest code to add content to the Content Manager tracking registry is

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{% import 'OroSyncBundle:Include:contentTags.html.twig' as syncMacro %}
{{ syncMacro.syncContentTags(entity) }}

To generate a content tag on the backend side, you can use the**TagGeneratorChain** service directly:

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/** @var $tagGeneratorChain TagGeneratorChain */
$tagGeneratorChain = $container->get(‘oro_sync.content.tag_generator’);
$contentTag = $tagGeneratorChain->generate(entity);

When does the Sever Send Messages to the Frontend about Outdated Content?

DoctrineTagEventListener is a listener for Doctrine events that listens for the changes in doctrine-managed entities. If entity record was changed, the listener generates the entity content tag with DoctrineTagGenerator and sends content tags of changed entities to the oro/data/update WebSockets topic.

How To Add the Custom Content Type to the Content Manager Tracking Registry?

If you use the base OroUIBundle templates for the view/edit pages of your content type and a doctrine-managed entity to store it, then you have Oro/Bundle/UIBundle/Resources/views/actions/view.html.twig and Oro/Bundle/UIBundle/Resources/views/actions/update.html.twig templates already added your content items in the Content Manager registry. DoctrineTagEventListener already listens to the changes of your content.

If you use your custom base template for the view/edit pages, use macro syncContentTags to add the content tag of your content item in the Content Manager registry.

If your content type depends on another content type and you want the user to receive notifications about another content type on your content type page, you have to add another content type tag to the Content Manager tracking registry:

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{% import 'OroSyncBundle:Include:contentTags.html.twig' as syncMacro %}
{{ syncMacro.syncContentTags(primaryEntity) }}
{{ syncMacro.syncContentTags(anotherEntity) }}

If you want to add custom information to content outdated tracking (for example, to inform a user about being assigned a new task), on top of the functionality that will track and send a message about the changed information, you may also have to develop custom TagGenerator to create identifiers for your content. In this case, the complete customization scenario might look like this:

  1. Create and register a Doctrine events listener that waits for changes in the Tasks entities.
  2. Create and register a Tag Generator that will create content tags for user tasks data based on the user identifier.
  3. In the listener, when a user’s task set is changed, send a message to the WebSocket oro/data/update topic with the generated content tag.
  4. On all frontend pages, add the content tag of the user’s task set to the Content Manager tracking registry.

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